Skip to content

Sumerian Gods and Goddesses

  • by

Sumerian Gods and Goddesses: family three, in the bible, list, An, Ki, Ereshkigal, Utu, Inanna, Nammu, Nanna, Enki, Gula, Enlil, Aliens.

Family tree

Sumerian Gods and Goddesses: family three, in the bible, list, An, Ki, Ereshkigal, Utu, Inanna, Nammu, Nanna, Enki, Gula, Enlil, Aliens.
  • Save
Sumerian Gods and Goddesses: family three, in the bible, list, An, Ki, Ereshkigal, Utu, Inanna, Nammu, Nanna, Enki, Gula, Enlil, Aliens.

In the bible

At the center of the Sumerian pantheon stood the god of sky An, as well as a host of other wind and storm gods and gods of water and civilization, such as Enki and Enlil, as well as a goddess of fertility and the soil known as Ninhursag. Inanna, the goddess of sex, beauty, and battle, was greatly revered throughout Sumer during the Akkadian Period and beyond and appears in several tales, including the well-known tale of her journey into the Underworld.

Hurrian, Akkadian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and others, all owe a debt to Sumerian mythology and religious beliefs, which persisted in their mythologies and religious practices. Researchers in comparative mythology have found several similarities between Sumerian legends and the early Hebrew Bible stories.


Between 4000 and 3000 BC, the Sumerians, who resided in southern Babylonia, had deeply held religious beliefs. Mystery surrounds their past. There is no doubt that they were pantheists, and their gods were depictions of nature and the elements. First, the Sumerians believed that a single heaven and earth were formed by a primordial sea.

An, Ki, Enlil, and Enki were the most prominent Sumerian gods and goddesses, although there were more than 3,000 of them.

The following are the top ten:

  • An
  • Ereshkigal
  • Utu
  • Inanna
  • Nammu
  • Nanna
  • Enki
  • Gula
  • Enlil


The Sumerians thought that An, the deity of heaven, was created as the ultimate ruler of the pantheon by the Sumerians. ‘An’ is the Sumerian name for heaven, and he is shown as a father figure for all the deities. Ki, the goddess of the ground, is his wife.


Numerous other goddesses share her name: Ninhursag, the mountain-queen of the cosmos; Nintu, the giver of life; Ninmah, the vast queen. Set the groundwork for the organization of the cosmos, the creation of man, and the beginning of civilization.


An-ki, or “heaven-earth,” is the Sumerian word for “universe.” The sky gods dwelt in heaven, while the underworld or chthonic deities lived in the “great below,” which was comprised of the surface of the earth and the area below. An elder sister and ardent adversary of Inanna, Ereshkigal dwelled in the netherworld, where she ruled over death and darkness.


Sumerian sun god Utu was named after him. In this manner, he personified the strong, steady light of the sun, which not only lights the planet, but also warms the earth’s flora. With a saw blade and burning flames, he was represented in Sumerian mythology. Utu was the son of the moon deity, Nanna, and the twin brother of the goddess of love and combat, Inanna.


As the most significant female divinity of the ancient times, Inanna was the most revered. She was the goddess of love, battle, and feminine fecundity in ancient Greece. Sumerian history credits her as the life-giving goddess of love for maintaining the prosperity of the country and its people as ruler of the Erech city-state. Enlil’s daughter and sun deity Utu’s twin sister, Inanna was born.


Also known as “the woman of mountains,” Nammu was a well-known character. A clay figure is claimed to have been made by her and brought to life in several poems. Seven goddesses aided Nammu in the creation of humanity at this time. It is said that the goddess Ninmah served as a midwife in Sumerian poetry.


Nanna, the Moon Goddess, is a female deity who resides in the sky.

Nanna was one of the most important deities in the ancient city of Ur. In addition, a fire and light deity known as Nusku was recognized as his father’s offspring. In addition, he served as Enlil’s minister. Nusku was one of the gods who was invoked in magical incantations to help in the burning of sorcerers and witches, among other things. For those who were asleep, he served as their nighttime protector, bringing them happy dreams and keeping them from having nightmares.


Ancient Sumer is depicted in Western mythology and religious tradition as a land of rich greenery with erratic water supplies. This magnificent Sumerian water deity was one of the four Sumerian gods and the god of fresh water, male fertility and wisdom. He was shown as a fish swimming in a stream of water. Fish and sparkling water are said to have flowed from Tigris and Euphrates rivers in the mythical tales.


For the gods, Gula (meaning “great”) was a deity of health and medicine who was revered by physicians. Nintinuga, Ninkarrak, Meme, and maybe the most well-known of them, Ninisina, or “the lady of Isin,” were all titles by which she was revered in various parts of the world.


God Enlil was one of the pantheon’s most revered and influential figures. The air goddess Ninlil was his wife, and their offspring included the goddess Inanna as well as gods Nanna, Ninurta, and Utu.

He has been referred to as a “raging storm,” a supreme king, a parent, and a creator. God Enlil was a benevolent planner and creator who was tasked with providing territory and kingship to the many monarchs across the universe.


Sumer was a group of city-states located in Mesopotamia. The Sumerians had highly developed military, mathematical, and literary systems. As a result, many of their works are still relevant today.

They may have been real entities, according to some scholars. They may have come from another planet, according to one common belief. One theory is that the enigmatic Planet X, which some claim passed near Earth thousands of years ago, is the source of their existence.

The Anunnaki are said to have compelled Sumerians to dig gold for them, according to adherents of this belief. The Anunnaki then returned to Planet X with their supplies, after they had all they needed.

Anunnaki were thought to be reptilian-human hybrids by certain scholars. Reptiles were said to have contributed to the development of Sumerian writing and mathematics. To add insult to injury, some people believe that reptiles are still present and wield influence in the modern world.

Read also: Sumerian Astrology Signs; Babylon Astrology Interpretation; Babylonian Astrology, origin, history

Esta entrada también está disponible en: Deutsch (German) Suomi (Finnish) Français (French) Nederlands (Dutch) English Svenska (Swedish)

Share via
Copy link
Powered by Social Snap